The Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act, codified at 20 USC 1092 (f) as a part of the Higher Education Act of 1965, is a federal law that requires colleges and universities to disclose certain timely and annual information about campus crime and security policies. All public and private institutions of postsecondary education participating in federal student aid programs are subject to it. The Clery Act requires the following:
Schools have to publish an annual report every year by October 1 that contains three years of campus crime statistics and certain security policy statements, including sexual assault policies that assure basic victims’ rights, the law enforcement authority of campus police and where students should go to report crimes.
Each school must disclose crime statistics for the campus, unobstructed public areas immediately adjacent to or running through the campus, and certain non-campus facilities including Greek housing and remote classrooms. The statistics must be gathered from campus police or security, local law enforcement, and other school officials who have “significant responsibility for student and campus activities” such as student judicial affairs directors.
Access to timely information
Schools are also required to provide “timely warnings” and a separate more extensive public crime log. It is these requirements that are most likely to affect the day-to-day lives of students. The timely warning requirement is somewhat subjective and is only triggered when the school considers a crime to pose an ongoing threat to students and employees while the log records all incidents reported to the campus police or security department.